tv CNN Special Report CNN November 23, 2014 4:00pm-5:01pm PST
>> announcer: the following is a cnn special presentation. >> i did nothing. i did nothing. >> the police out here is crazy. nobody trusts it. so i decided to pull out my camera every time they come over here. >> reporter: new york city police officers are about to take down eric garner. he's suspected of selling loosies, or loose cigarettes. >> at any point it could be you.
it could be your loved one, your brother, your sister, your uncle, your cousin, your friend. >> reporter: police say enforcement like this is designed to discourage more serious crime, by shutting down petty crime, they will not comment on this particular case. >> don't touch me, please. do not touch me. >> things like this happen to us too often. whenever i see the lights and sirens, i tense up and i get worried. >> reporter: the officers are only supposed to arrest someone if they have evidence of a crime. a cell phone captures policing spinning out of control. garner is on the sidewalk, struggling against an apparent choke hold. by the end of this video, he'll be dead. > i can't breathe. i can't breathe. i can't breathe. i can't breathe. i can't breathe. >> i can't breathe! i can't breathe! i can't breathe! >> this is the most horrible
feeling that a mother can feel. >> i can't breathe! i can't breathe! i can't breathe! i can't breathe! i can't breathe! >> reporter: why do they have these lights up? >> it's part of the initiative of high visibility patrol. you don't want to meet someone in the dark alleys, you get rid of the dark alleys, you get rid of people hiding in the black alleys. >> reporter: there's a battle of black versus blue, african-americans pushing back against aggressive policing and police, like this lieutenant, pushing back against crime. >> some people feel thankful we're here. some guys will tell us to our
face that they hate us and they don't want us here. >> reporter: officer darrell calhoun was assigned here fresh from the academy. have you ever been afraid on the job? >> yes. there's times where you're alone and you don't know what to do sometimes. you know, you're out on the street in the middle of the night when all the bad things can happen, when all the bad things tend to happen. it's just natural to have some type of fear in you. >> reporter: a rookie cop was shot by a suspect in bed-stuy a month ago. >> is it locked, though? >> yeah, i'm going to check it. >> reporter: most dangerous hours, one of the most dangerous neighborhoods. why would you possibly want that job? >> because it's about giving to the community. i want people to know that they're safe. >> reporter: i've been talking to a handful of these young guys who feel like they get stopped over and over again, and they're
just going back and forth to the gym or to school. >> the guy who is saying that to me, are the right guys getting stopped. they might say that to make me feel bad for stopping them. i find the guys i stop have lengthy arrest records. maybe i didn't catch them at the time of the crime but they are criminals. >> reporter: keyshan harley has never been in legal trouble, but he says police have stopped him more than 100 times. >> i first got stopped and frisked when i was 13. they said i fit a description. i would say nine times out of ten that's the excuse they give me. what's the description? young, black male, 18 to 25. >> reporter: he's 19 years old and lives in the same community where lieutenant mccall leads patrols. >> i've been stopped over a hundred times. it does all blur together at some point, but there are those
extreme instances where it's kind of hard to forget. >> reporter: keyshan is a sophomore in college. he lives with his mother, sophia. >> i was coming home from school, the cop slams me against the wall, throws stuff out of my bag, calls me derogatory terms like [ bleep ], [ bleep ]. he doesn't even let me pull out my wallet to show him who i am, show him i go to this school right here. it messes with you psychologically, it messes with you emotionally. it's scary. >> it was becoming too much where he's coming home not wanting to go to school. i worked so hard to make sure that he went to college and he's focused on his future. to have harassment be the reason he doesn't want to continue, it broke my heart. >> reporter: new york police say the stop and frisk policy helped save lives, especially in minority communities where most crime occurs. >> the controversial stop and
frisk policy. >> we go to where the reports of crime are. >> reporter: from 2002 to mid 2013, new york city police reported making nearly 5 million stops. >> if this was happening in predominantly white neighborhoods, wealthy neighborhoods, do you think people would stand for it? >> reporter: more than 80% of the people stopped by police were black and latino. >> i don't sleep until he comes home, quite frankly. and i know he is not in cuffs or in anybody's morgue. you were okay this weekend when you went out? you didn't get stopped? babe, you were okay this weekend when you went out? you didn't end up in a cop car for an hour like you didn't tell me about last time? >> no, i didn't. >> the fact that it happens just about every single day is overwhelming and can lead you to lose your head. but then your future ends.
>> it's hard to stay calm when you got somebody slamming your face against the wall. >> what's the alternative, baby? i'm always about the alternative. what's the alternative? you going to punch the cop back? >> i'm not going to punch the cop back, but you want me to stay calm. how am i supposed to stay calm? >> you stay calm. the same way to stay calm when his house is on fire. i say only animals use their paws. a man fights with his mind. >> reporter: in 2013, a federal judge ruled this style of policing was violating the constitutional rights of minorities. 88% of those 5 million stops had gone nowhere with no arrest, no summons, no evidence of any crime. >> today you spoke out loudly and clearly for a new direction for our city.
>> reporter: as the city faced a court order to reform stop and frisk policing, a new mayor was ushered in. he promised to rebuild trust between police and minorities. >> i'm appointing bill bratton as the new police commissioner in the city of new york. >> reporter: he named bill bratton as the new police commissioner, the same commissioner when stop and frisk first became a popular policing tool. what mistakes were made with stop and frisk? >> the public was feeling that the minority community was being impacted too much, and my sense was that as crime was going down in the city, the number of stops should have been going down also. >> reporter: was public perception really the problem? and would fewer police stops be enough to repair a broken trust? >> five officers line up around me. the tallest officer, he tells
me, "are you some type of tough guy?" when i turn around, he punches me in the face and screams, "he's resisting arrest." >> i'm scared for my kids every time they step out the door. >> reporter: and who are you scared of? >> the police. can't wait to get the next big thing? come to t-mobile and get the samsung galaxy note 4 for zero down. grab the hottest phone around, for zero down and zero waiting and zero annual service contracts only at t-mobile. stuck in a contract? we'll even buy you out of it. so why wait? switch now and get the samsung galaxy note 4 for zero down.
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with new york city's 8.4 million residents. >> so help me god. >> so help me god. >> congratulations! >> reporter: these are the first recruits under the new commissioner. >> as you well know, the principal reason for the existence of the police is to prevent crime and disorder. and my promise to the families, that to the best of our abilities each day they will return to you feeling good about themselves and about the police profession. congratulations on this very exciting day. >> reporter: most of these 600 officers will join operation impact, deployed like a blue army into high-crime neighborhoods, including bed-stuy's precincts, where we
find lieutenant terrence mccall. >> you have post 20. moran? >> yes, sir. >> you have impact post 31. all right, guys, if there's no questions, i'll turn it over to the captain. >> just a couple things. we had shots fired this morning on the boulevard. just be aware. like i told you guys before, you have to be ready for everything. that's it, fall out. >> reporter: the rookies go out in groups of three or four, on to the streets of bedford-stuyvesant. the crime rate in this community is falling but remains among the highest in the city. on their third day on the job, many of them are still getting to know the community. >> most of these cops are not from brooklyn, you know what i'm saying? so, therefore, it takes them a minute to acclimate themselves to the community. >> adjust to the community. >> adjust to the community. >> [ bleep ].
>> get the feeling not everybody likes us? >> i came from the type of environment where we were on this side of the street and cops were on the other side. now it's time for us to get together as a community. you see, walking around is not everything. what's important for them to do is speak to people, get to know the people that they're going to be protecting. >> it's not about arrests and summonses. it's about interacting and let them know that we're people. we're here to help them out. >> reporter: before the federal ruling, rookie cops were the ones making most of the unjustified stops. the supervisor will spend more time with the rookies. >> they handed something to each other. they were asking me if they can go ahead and kind of like search them. i told they we can't do that.
>> you still continue walking. >> he said if we don't get him today -- >> exactly. >> unless you saw it, you can't guess. that's just the rules. all right? >> thank you. >> reporter: have the rules changed about stop and frisk? >> the rules have not changed. you can't stop someone for no reason. reasonable suspicion is different. it's where i think you committed a crime. if someone calls 911, for example, and they this guy robbed me and he's black, 5'8", wearing a white shirt and we see someone fitting that description in the corner, we're going to stop him and he's not free to leave. >> reporter: why have rookies flood the streets in the areas where there's a lot of street crime? to me it seems almost like a potential for problems. >> what people in the city tend to forget is the police department is reduced by 6,000 officers. commissioner kelly, to deal with that loss, came up with a very
good idea. well, let's take these twice a year when the classes come out of the academy, we'll surge, what petraeus did in iraq, we'll surge into crime areas. a good idea, except i think the newest kids with no experience really didn't know the job yet. that's what we're trying to correct. >> reporter: luis experienced that era of policing. tell me a little bit about where we are in east new york. >> it's referred to as little baghdad because of the murder rates and a lot of the violence that happens, and that includes with the police. >> reporter: so when you were beaten up now a couple of years ago, i know it's painful for you, do you mind walking me through that day? >> every time i'm asked about the incident, i close my eyes and i can see myself there again. >> reporter: in august 2012, he
saw police stop a young black man for riding his bike on the sidewalk. the routine stop suddenly turned violent. >> more officers started arriving on the scene. they beat his legs, they maced him, they tased him. >> reporter: why were you so interested in helping this kid you didn't know? >> honestly, the kid could have been my brother. i just wanted to make sure he was all right. >> reporter: the police asked luis to move away. he said he did. >> they yelled at me when i got right here. they said "stop right there, where do you think you're going?" so i stopped and i turned around. five officers line up around me. the tallest officer, he tells me, "are you some type of tough guy," and he tries to grab my left arm. i move my left arm back. i said, "there's no reason for you to touch me." so i walk away. all the officers are continuing to follow me. so i get really nervous because i could hear like the buckles
and the walkie-talkies and everything. when i turn around, the tall officer punches me in the face. i hit the floor and he screams, "he's resisting arrest" and a swarm of officers from everywhere came to me. >> he ain't do nothing! he ain't do nothing! >> he didn't do nothing! he ain't do nothing! >> i'm screaming, "why are you punching me, why are you kicking me? just take me, take me." they continued to assault me. they finally put cuffs on me and finally get me up but they're only picking me up by my wrists, which is what did the major damage to my shoulders. >> he didn't do nothing, man! he didn't do nothing! >> reporter: what would have happened if there was no video? >> like, there wouldn't have been anything but my word against 15 police officers.
>> reporter: luis' mom, evelyn, used to trust the police but has had a change of heart. >> i brought up my kids to respect police. if they had a problem, they could go to a policeman and say, listen, i'm lost, can you help me get home? the thing that bothers me the most is how can you come to someone that you can't trust? >> reporter: luis was charged with disorderly conduct, resisting arrest and obstructing a government official. all charges were dropped. police will not respond to the allegations because luis has filed a lawsuit against the city. >> that was one of the officers on the scene, too. funny enough. >> reporter: the police department's reforms were supposed to calm fears in minority communities, but intensive enforcement continues to exact a price. >> we have a new police chief who talked about doing things differently. does it feel different? >> actually, i think it's worse. every time i look on facebook, i see police brutality.
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get the future of phone and the phones are free. comcast business. built for business. in black and hispanic neighborhoods, you see the animosity towards us. >> reporter: this officer patrolled for years during the era of stop and frisk. he's asked us to mask his identity because he fears retaliation. >> and i don't blame them. i understand. we actually deserve it the way we treat the public. >> reporter: he continues to patrol, and believes the police department is still aiming to create an atmosphere of fear.
>> all we do is hunt them. you can only push people so far before they say enough is enough. >> reporter: this former brooklyn resident believes he's been a target of that hunt. >> i was picking up my kid from a relative's house in bed-stuy and a paddy wagon comes out of nowhere, they get out of the car. and i said, "i'm going to help you people." i put the light on and my twin daughters were sleeping with teddy bears. when they saw children in the car, they said let's go, let's go, let's go. what was the reason for stopping me? no reason. >> reporter: this commander believes in holding officers accountable for the numbers of arrests they make and tickets they write. >> everything is numerically based. >> reporter: they report them in com-stat meetings.
what happens at a com-stat meeting? >> reporter: the commanding officer that isn't doing well has to explain it. we didn't stop the shooting, we summonsed a whole bunch of people, we even arrested people in that area. summonses must be written, the arrest may be made. a lot of my fellow officers say i've ruined job applications, i've ruined somebody's life, all because we need numbers. >> reporter: are there quotas for officers? >> no. the unions were saying for years there was a quota system. what i'm dealing with is a long-time legacy. did some commanders engage in that? undoubtedly. are some still engaging in that? probably. i've made it quite clear that
i'm interested in problem resolution, not the numbers game. >> reporter: the way that policing plays out on the streets is increasingly being captured on cell phone cameras. >> i've grown to very secretively record them. because i was at my grandmother's house getting ready to go to the gym. our ride is on the way, we're standing outside but underneath where we're shielded from the rain. say that again? say that again? why are you talking to me like -- huh? i can't hear you. why would i say that? >> get inside right now. >> i'm just trying to see if my ride is coming. >> get inside. go inside.
>> we're not even doing nothing. >> go upstairs right now. >> since when has it become illegal to wait for a ride? >> reporter: but commissioner bratton hasn't abandoned the policing theory he adopted in the 1990s called broken windows. it proposes that small crimes like a broken window encourage serious neglect or more serious crimes. do you think going after these small offenses does not bring down crime? >> i actually believe in the theory of broken windows. but when you abuse it, it hurts the people it's trying to protect. >> i don't believe this is happening. somebody help me out here! you just going to watch? you just going to watch this [ bleep ]! >> back up! >> why is that guy kicking him?
>> reporter: as dusk approaches, keyshan and his friends sit on a brooklyn rooftop and talk about how police behavior has affected their lives. >> yo, we got stopped yesterday. you know that laundry mat on howard? >> yeah. >> we was chilling in front of there and just talking. i saw this like van pull up and stop at the stop sign and whatever. i see him get out of the car and another dude and he's frisking me immediately. they didn't say they was a cop, they didn't pull out i.d. for no reason. no reason. they're like "why you nervous? why you nervous?" i'm like i'm a black boy and you're a cop. he's trying to appeal to me with some type of ethos like i'm not a bad cop. >> what can you do about it? it's ridiculous.
somebody has to stand up with the odds of losing their life for change. that's what needs to happen. >> those who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones that actually do it. >> you got to be crazy, angry, passionate, sad, all of these things. you got to want it. you got to want it with everything. >> yo, look at this sunset? >> it's so beautiful. for real. my eyes have not moved. >> it's like a dreamer's paradise. >> and it's ours. >> reporter: but the streets don't always seem to belong to the community. >> now we got blue streaks, blue leaks from the holes in brooklyn concrete, blue walls of silence by which lady justice is blinded. the reason why i felt safe enough to come back was because
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>> anything since the last one. it's been good, surviving. that's what it's about. just staying safe, staying out of cuffs. >> reporter: keyshan comes to an open mic night that draws local poets. >> you hear me clap once, you hear me clap three times. >> okay. so you guys are at the open mic. >> reporter: luis is hosting tonight. the topic is the police. he and keyshan have gotten to know each other through poetry circles. >> i'm pretty sure we heard of bill bratton, the new police commissioner. he has a theory called community policing. tonight's topic, who polices this community? >> nypd. >> reporter: the poetry boils with resentment. >> no identity.
they say color ain't an issue but how can it not be when innocence has what the oppressor believes? >> this is not a poem. this is a war cry for every poor child by men who were found innocent in court. >> reporter: luis's poetry speaks to the lingering mistrust he feels toward the police. >> authorities scare us to putting bars on our windows, more like our cribs, our cradles to the grave. my people, i hope you listening. it's time to pick up the pen, take this movement out of the room. i promise you can make it. let's go. okay, get home safe. we're here for each other. >> reporter: after the open mic, luis and his family pack up. there's concern about how his
younger brother, elvin, will get home. the fear is not criminals but the cops. >> what happened? elvin. >> home is like three blocks away. why is everybody worrying about it? oh, my god, why is everybody worrying about me? >> reporter: commissioner bratton says he's not worried. police stops are down nearly 90% since he took office, crime continues to fall. >> this is some of our cameras around the city. we have realtime what's going on in our different precincts. coming across the screen down the bottom in the 7-3 precinct in the housing development, we just had a male shot. "not likely" means he's not likely to die. this is how intimately we track this information. >> reporter: at police headquarters, he monitors the city policed by his 34,000 officers. are you worried about animosity in minority communities when it comes to police?
>> sure. i've been a cop for 44 years. i've been aware of animosity since i first began as a white cop working an all-black neighborhood in 1970 in mattapan in boston. i came in when cops were very brutal, very racist. i can understand some of the attitudes and beliefs. >> reporter: yet the number of low-level arrests is still rising in some minority communities, as broken windows policing continues. >> when you look at where the calls are coming from, 911 calls, emergencies, 311 calls for disorder, those calls come significantly out of the poorest, most distressed areas. and unfortunately those who have the least are impacted the most. >> i think that prevention is much better than letting something happen and then try and find out what happened or why it happened. when people see that you're not
afraid to walk up to them when something looks odd, they're more apprehensive about carrying weapons and things like that. our job is to stop people from doing the wrong thing. >> reporter: officer calhoun has been on both sides of policing. >> i was walking down the street and they said, "sir, we need to talk to you for a second." they asked me some questions and they asked if i wouldn't mind being searched. i said go ahead, search me. you're not going to find anything. >> reporter: he was stopped twice on his brooklyn street. >> so they searched me, they asked for my i.d., they filled out a form and they let me go. i didn't feel like i was being harassed. >> reporter: did they tell you what you were being stopped for? >> they stopped me because i fit the profile of someone who just robbed someone, but i know i just came out the house so i didn't have a problem falling into their search procedure. >> reporter: others,
particularly minority men, do have a problem. and they're thinking about how to fight back. >> it's going to happen again over and over. we're going to come to another funeral, we're going to march, we're going to sing, we're going to cry. no justice, no peace is out the window, man. it's time for war. (vo) nourished.
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attention for roll call. at post 67. >> reporter: in a department accused of racial profiling, nearly half the department is comprised of minorities. >> that's a special post. it's going to be in retaliation for a shooting. looking for a dark nissan sedan. we'll get you further information on that. >> reporter: officer calhoun and other new police officers are put on alert. >> understand your assignment, all right? >> yes, sir. >> fall out. >> reporter: a typical night in bed-stuy. >> if you fit a description, you fit a description. there's no way around that. we have to stop the bad guys. that's just how it is. me and my peers, we're out here all day, all night just trying to make sure everyone's safe. >> reporter: why did you want to
become a cop? >> my father was a police officer, so i seen how it made him a stronger person. he was always trying to help people any way that he could. and i always wanted to be like that. >> reporter: do you identify with the young black guys in this community? >> i do identify with them. i'm one of them. i just chose to enforce the law. >> reporter: do you think people in this neighborhood trust the police? >> i think that people in the neighborhood are starting to accept the police. >> reporter: keyshan doesn't accept the police behavior in the community. he has begun teaching others to protect themselves from the police. >> one right you have is the right to remain silent. what can happen if you choose not to talk to a police officer? how might things escalate? >> reporter: his advice sounds a lot like what he hears from his mother. >> you want to stay cool and calm-headed at always times.
you don't want to yell at the officer, curse him out, even though that might be what you want to do. keep your hands at your side, don't make any fast movements. anything can happen from the littlest thing to the biggest thing. >> reporter: eric garner had been arrested several times for selling untaxed cigarettes and other offenses. >> do not touch me. >> damn, man. >> all right, stop, stop, stop. >> put your hands behind your back. >> i can't breathe. i can't breathe. i can't breathe. >> reporter: minutes later eric garner was lifeless on a staten island sidewalk. no one administered cpr. there was no evidence he'd been selling loose cigarettes.
>> it's all right to get angry. it's all right to be mad. if you can't get angry because a person has been killed for no reason at all, that means that you ain't human! >> reporter: on tuesday, july 17th, approximately 3:30 p.m., officers approached eric garner concerning the sale of illegal cigarettes. in attempting to take mr. garner into custody, there was a physical struggle as the officers rushed him to the ground. he was pronounced dead approximately one hour later. >> reporter: what was your reaction when you'd heard that eric garner had died at the hands of a police officer? >> that case is moving through the appropriate process. it's in the hands of the district attorney. so i'm really not at liberty to speak to that. >> reporter: the story of eric garner's death rippled through minority communities, making it a challenge for police to gain trust. >> if they don't want to see you on the block, you got to get off
the block. >> reporter: how does it feel every night? >> it fees real bad when people treat you inhuman and you know it and you can see it. >> reporter: this shop owner laments how an arrest outside his door got so out of control, but he still wants police to crack down on small crimes. do the cops walk by your store a lot? >> no. if i call them, they come. >> reporter: never walk by? >> no, never. >> reporter: would you like to see a foot patrol? >> i would like that here. >> reporter: you think that would stamp out low-level crimes? >> yeah. >> reporter: at eric garner's funeral, there were calls for accountability. >> ain't no more preaching. the world seen what happened. it's going to happen again over and over. we're going to come to another funeral. ear going to march, we're going to sing and we're going to cry. no justice, no peace is out the window, man. it's time for war. >> people will only do what we allow them to do.
>> in the words of eric garner, it ends today. >> reporter: yet not long after, another community was protesting the death of an unarmed black man at the hands of police. >> grief and anger in a st. louis community today after a teen was shot and killed by police. >> reporter: ferguson, missouri exploded in violence over the death of michael brown, the images reaching into every home. [ bleep ]. >> here, babe. >> what's up, mommy. >> what are you doing? >> did you hear about the protesters today? >> i listened to the news. i had chills. this woman said do you know how hard it is to get a black boy in this society to graduate high
school? and he was like, that could be me. that literally could be me. my fear, my ongoing fear with your new-found education and awareness is, with that comes anger. >> i know that at any moment this situation could go from 0 to 100. i understand that. by either party, by the mess or ourselves -- >> i love you, and i thank you every day, like i wouldn't be here without you. >> i do. i value myself greatly. and i'm tired of living like that. >> louis paleno is also sick of fighting like this. he's tired of his trauma. >> i'll never be the same. timese to sleep at night, and stay awake during the day. this is called non-24,
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i wake up with the aches and pains in both of my arms. i'll never be the same. >> tell me, if anywhere, where do you feel that? >> it feels like my arms are going to pop. >> if you can tolerate it, let it stretch. because if we don't do anything, this is as far as you're going to get. >> louis' recovery process has been slow. he goes to physical therapy every week to try to rehabilitate his injured shoulders. >> it's a little scary there, huh? >> a little. >> after the altercation, he underwent two surgeries to repair torn ligaments. he's waiting on a third. he was once a college football player. >> tell me how you're feeling when doing that? >> i'm frustrated. >> frustrated? >> only because i was doing 100 reps in a set. >> i bet. >> and now i can barely do three. >> he's trying his best.
trying to overcome this. it's the moments where you can see it, he's thinking far away. he's silent. you see those slight changes -- you know there's more to it. >> i'm never going to be 100% again. >> we all change, you're not going to go back. you're not going to be louis of two years ago or five years ago. you're going to be the new lois. and it's challenging, but that's the truth. >> the new police commissioner still believes he can improve police community relations. >> i use a medical pairson all the time. the doctor diagnoses cancer and treats you with chemo. you're feeling better but he keeps applying more chemo. and you start feeling worse and worse. so policing like medicine, it's a balancing act. one of the issues is how do you have an appropriate level of
policening to reduce crime, reduce disorder and prevent it, but do it in a way that are law abiding in the community don't feel they need to be fearful of the police. >> keshan believes the people in his community should decide when policing goes too far. >> i think enough is enough. we have to demand something to be done about this. if i see another story about a person of color being killed by a police officer for no reason, i'm going to lose my mind. i have no idea how to exist in this society, so i have to come here today for the solidarity. there's a reason to keep fighting. that these people's lives mea meant -- this is why i fight. because people need these things. we need these things.
>> michael brown's death in missouri added renewed urgency to an already planned demonstration in new york still. ? we have a proud moment in new york city and all across america. so we've got to keep marching. we've got to keep fighting. we've got to keep pushing. >> we said to nypd, not only are we going to fight against you while we're cops, we're going to fight against you when we get off the job because what you're doing is wrong. >> keshan seizes the opportunity to deliver his message, that policing has to change. >> hi. good afternoon. my name is keshan harley. i'm 19 years old and just one of many hearts shattered by ongoing police targeting my community. young black men stopped and frisked over 100 times. i realize at any moment during those interactions, my life could have also been stripped away. broken windows policing that targets communities of colors that promotes this violence.
in order to truly improve police community relations, there needs to be a systemic change to how the nypd responds to these incidents. the lack of accountable for officers who target and stop and frisk and murder members of our communities of color reaffirms everything that i believe about this justice system in this country. it works. if you don't look like me, if you don't look like us. thank you. [ applause ] ♪